10 Facts Why Lebanon is Worth Travelling



Baalbek               

Baalbek is a town in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon situated east of the Litani River. In 637 CE, the Muslim army under Abu Ubaida ibn al-Jarrah captured Baalbek after defeating the Byzantine army at Battle of Yarmouk. It became a bone of contention between the various Syrian dynasties and the caliphs first of Damascus, then of Egypt. The place was fortified and took on the name al-Qala‘ ("fortress"; see Alcala) but in 748 was sacked again with great slaughter. Baalbek, with its colossal structures, is one of the finest examples of Imperial Roman architecture at its apogee, UNESCO made Baalbek a World Heritage Site in 1984. The town is famous for the Temple of Jupiter, Temple of Bacchus, Great Court, Temple of Venus and Hexagonal Forecourt.

Barouk 

Barouk is a village in the Chouf District of Lebanon. The village is known for being the "land of good", because of its fountain (Nabeh-el-Barouk). Barouk is crowned by its mountain "Jabal el Barouk" that stands 1943 m above sea level. The mountain also has the largest natural reserve in Lebanon, the Al Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve, and contains the oldest and most elegant cedar forest in Lebanon, the "Cedrus Libani". The village is also famous for its apples and other fruits, and for its many forests such as pine trees and oak trees which are well known in Lebanon.

Aanjar  

Aanjar is a town of Lebanon located in the Bekaa Valley. Anjar was resettled in 1939 with several thousand Armenian refugees from the Musa Dagh area of Turkey. Its neighborhoods are named after the six villages of Musa Dagh namely Haji Hababli, Kabusia, Vakif, Khodr, BekYoghun Oluk and Bitias. Formerly known as Gerrha, a stronghold built by Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid ibn Abdel Malek in the 8th century, the site was later abandoned, leaving a number of well-preserved ruins.

Bcharre               

Bcharre or Bsharri is the town of the only remaining (preserved) Original Cedars of Lebanon. The name Bsharri (بشرّي) can be found in the Phoenician language (بيث الشري) meaning "The House Of Ishtar", Ishtar being a goddess worshipped by the Phoenicians (and King Salomon) before monotheistic faiths (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) were adopted in the area. Today, the town is located in a highly touristic zone including such attractions as the Khalil Gibran Tomb and Museum, Kadisha Valley where Antonios Torbey lived as a hermite in the Hermitage of St. Lichaa down in the valley; the Kadisha Grotto, the Cedars of God forest, a ski resort and Bka'kafra (the birthplace of St Charbel).
               
Beirut   

Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon. Beirut's history goes back more than 5000 years. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the antiquity of Beirut is indicated by its name, derived from the Canaanite name of Be'erot meaning wells, referring to the underground water table that is still tapped by the local inhabitants for general use. Excavations in the downtown area have unearthed layers of Phoenician, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Crusader and Ottoman remains. The first historical reference to Beirut dates from the 14th century BC, when it is mentioned in the cuneiform tablets of the "Amarna letters". Ammunira of Biruta (Beirut) sent three letters to the pharaoh of Egypt. Biruta is also referenced in the letters from Rib-Hadda of Byblos. Beirut is famous for its landmarks like the Pigeon Rocks, Place de l'Etoile, Martyr's Statue, and Jeita Grotto.

Jeita      

Jeita is a cave located in Lebanon about 18km north of Beirut. It is famous for the Jeita Grotto which is a popular tourist attraction, as well as the Nahr al-Kalb, a river that runs from a spring near the grotto emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. In summer you can visit both the upper and lower galleries while enjoying the refreshingly cool temperature inside the caves. The lower section is sometimes closed in winter when the water level is high, but the extensive upper galleries are open all year.

Byblos  

Byblos also known by its Arabic name of Jbeil جبَيل, is an ancient phoenician city located about 35 Kilometers (23 miles) north of the capital Beirut in modern day Lebanon.  The name Byblos is Greek, papyrus received its early Greek name (byblos, byblinos) from its being exported to the Aegean through Byblos.  Today it is re-emerging as an upscale touristic hub. With its ancient port, Phoenician, Roman and Crusader ruins, sandy beaches and the picturesque mountains that surround it make it an ideal tourist destination. The city is known for its fish restaurants, open-air bars, and outdoor cafes.  Plus a number of Ancient Phoenician temples, in the archaeological site of Byblos there are the remains of the Great Temple (also known as L-Shaped temple) built in 2700 BC, Temple of Baalat Gebal built in 2700 BC and Temple of the Obelisks built around 1600 BC.

Kadisha Valley  

Kadisha Valley lies within the Becharre and Zgharta Districts of the North Governorate of Lebanon. The Kadisha Valley’s many natural caves have been used as shelters and for burials back as far as the Palaeolithic period. The Aassi Hauqqa (cave) in particular, near Hawqa, Lebanon, has yielded archaeological items indicating Palaeolithic, Roman, and medieval periods of use. Travellers’ favorite6 The Qannubin Monastery is on the northeast side of the Qadisha Valley. It is the oldest of the Maronite monasteries; although its foundation is often attributed to the Emperor Theodosius the Great in 375AD, it is more likely that it was established by a disciple of St Theodosius the Cenobite. For the most part it is cut into the rock cliff side - monastic cells, church, cloister, and accommodation for travelers.

Tyre      

Tyre is a city in the South Governorate of Lebanon. Tyre originally consisted of two distinct urban centers, Tyre itself, which was on an island just off shore, and the associated settlement of Ushu on the adjacent mainland. Alexander the Great connected the island to the mainland coast by constructing a causeway during his siege of the city, demolishing the old city to reuse its cut stone. In Tyre, Al Bass Archaeological Site is by far the most famous attraction, boasting the largest and best-preserved example of a Roman Hippodrome. The impressive site is huge and also encapsulates a large Necropolis (with several hundred well-preserved sarcophagi), an intact Roman road and aqueduct, and a monumental arch.

Tripoli   

Tripoli is the largest city in northern Lebanon and the second-largest city in Lebanon. There is evidence of settlement in Tripoli that dates back as early as 1400 BC. In the 9th century BC, the Phoenicians established a trading station in Tripoli and later, under Persian rule, the city became the center of a confederation of the Phoenician city states of Sidon, Tyre, and Arados Island. Under Hellenistic rule, Tripoli was used as a naval shipyard and the city enjoyed a period of autonomy. It came under Roman rule around 64 BC. In 551, an earthquake and tidal wave destroyed the Byzantine city of Tripoli along with other Mediterranean coastal cities. Tripoli is popular for its Al Muallaq Mosque translated as “the Hanging Mosque,” named so because of its location on the second floor. It was established in the 16th century by the Ottoman governor of Tripoli, Mahmud ibn Lufti, during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent.

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