China is the world's most-populous country with a population of over 1.3 billion. The East Asian state covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles) in total area and is the world's second-largest country by land area, and the third- or fourth-largest in total area, depending on the definition of total area.

China's first civilizations arose in the Yangtze and Yellow River valleys at about the same time as Mesopotamia, Egypt and India developed their first civilizations. Rapid economic growth has made the PRC economy the world's second-largest, the government has begun to worry that rapid growth has negatively impacted the country's resources and environment. Another concern is that the benefits of economic development has not been distributed evenly, resulting in a wide development gap between urban and rural areas. As a result, under President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao, the PRC government initiated policies to address these issues of equitable distribution of resources, though the outcome remains to be seen.

More than 40 million farmers have been displaced from their land, usually for economic development, contributing to the 87,000 demonstrations and riots across China in 2005. Living standards have improved significantly but political controls remain tight.


Bally Chohan said...

My family had an extended stopover in Beijing , meaning that we were there for just less than 48 hours, We asked this company to show us as much of Beijing as was humanly possible in this time and they obliged. In this short time we visited the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall, Tiananmen square, the Forbidden city, enjoyed...

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